What To Do To Reduce Climate Change

What To Do To Reduce Climate Change – A report from Stanford last fall offered broad recommendations to the new president of the United States to reduce the severe effects of climate change on human health.

The map shows an estimate of the number of days that different parts of the United States can expect to see temperatures above 100 degrees by the year 2100 if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise.

What To Do To Reduce Climate Change

What To Do To Reduce Climate Change

A farm worker died in 109-degree heat at a California lemon grove in 2015. In Missouri, hospitalizations for heat-related illnesses spiked in 2006, a year with unusually high temperatures.

Climate Change & Energy

And since Asian tiger mosquitoes arrived in Memphis in 1983, the insects — capable of spreading Zika, dengue and West Nile virus — have invaded 37 states. In the densely populated Northeast, Asian tiger mosquitoes are expected to triple their range before 2045 – doubling the number of people who may be exposed to these diseases from 18 million to more than 30 million.

But we are not powerless against such threats, according to a recent report by Stanford University researchers. A few weeks before the 2016 election, the authors presented the report to the two presidential transition teams. The report, titled “Health: The Human Face of Climate Change, Outlook and Recommendations for the Next US President,” recommended that the incoming administration initiate a formal 10-year emergency response to climate change, managed by the US State Department and resulting in the Climate Framework. Change as a global health security problem –  in other words, an acute public health threat to populations around the world.

The Human Face of Climate Change report was one of a series of 14 climate reports that followed a 2016 Stanford conference titled “Setting the Climate Agenda for the Next US President.”

One of the report’s three authors, Kathryn Burke, MM, MSc, who is deputy director of Stanford’s Center for Global Health Innovation, said that when she and her partners set out to write the report, they believed it was a tremendous opportunity. Affect. Her co-authors are Michelle Barry, MD, professor of medicine at Stanford and director of the Center for Innovation in Global Health; and Diana Chapman Walsh, PhD, senior adviser to the center and president emeritus of Wellesley College.

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Although the report has received no response from President Trump or his administration, the advice it contains still provides an important framework for fighting climate change and health, Walsh said.

Experts agree that the Earth is warming dangerously and that this warming is due to the burning of fossil fuels and other human activities. The damage caused by ecosystem disruptions, rising sea levels and increasingly violent storms is well documented. Thus, increasingly, the effects of rapid climate change on human health.

Both higher average temperature and scorching heat waves have similar effects on morbidity and mortality from heat-related diseases such as heat stroke and heat exhaustion. “The one thing that’s clearest is the impact of rising ambient temperature,” said Mark Cullen, MD, professor of ice and biodata science. “With every degree increase in high summer temperatures, there is an expected increase in overall mortality.”

What To Do To Reduce Climate Change

Added Cullen, who did not contribute to the report but is an expert on population health: “Most of it is a ‘harvesting function’ like the flu, meaning it’s less often perfectly healthy people who get sick or die; People with other chronic diseases are at risk of dying earlier during heat waves.”

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Additionally, healthy people who normally work outside during the heat of the day can become sick or even killed by extreme heat. Farm workers, road workers and roofers are among those at risk. In a warmer world, the number of days when it is too hot to work safely outside is expected to increase dramatically. Places like Texas, which once had 10 to 20 days a year with temperatures above 100 degrees, could see more than 100 days a year by the end of the century, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Infectious diseases will also worsen as disease vectors such as mosquitoes and ticks increase and spread. And climate change has hundreds of other indirect health effects. For example, our cattle and chickens are just as vulnerable as we are to temperatures above 100 degrees that go on and on for days or weeks.

Ocean warming and acidification are destroying coral reefs and collapsing marine fisheries, the main food for about 2 billion people in Asia and the Pacific. Valuable agricultural land around the world is threatened by drought or, in places like Bangladesh, by inundation from rising seas and floods.

“If your food basket is not producing, then your city is going to be in serious trouble,” Burke said.

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The consequences of the destroyed food supply have spread outward, causing economic deprivation, social unrest, food shortages, and the forced displacement and migration of millions of people. These in turn lead to violence, trauma and physical and mental disabilities.

For example, an extreme drought in Syria between 2006 and 2009—which experts believe was caused by climate change—caused massive crop losses, which in turn caused the migration of 1.5 million people from farms to cities. Such displacement played a role in the subsequent uprising against President Bashar al-Assad in 2011, experts say.

The health community already recognizes that monitoring, studying, and addressing the health impacts of climate change are critical to building the resilience of societies around the world.

What To Do To Reduce Climate Change

The diagram illustrates some of the expected health effects of climate change due to worsening air quality.

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Many institutions have begun integrated programs to consolidate what is known and what questions need to be answered. For example, The Lancet, a specialized journal, has established an international research collaboration called “Lancet Countdown: Tracking progress on Health and Health Change”.

The American Public Health Association—a 25,000-member organization of public health professionals—designated 2017 the Year of Climate Change and Health. And in March, The New England Journal of Icine published a call for the administration to stay the course on climate change and health.

The Stanford report recommends the creation of a State Department-based Presidential Emergency Response to Climate Change, similar to the 2003 Presidential Emergency Response to AIDS, which saved millions of lives. The impact of climate change on human health is similar to that of the AIDS epidemic, said Walsh, one of three authors the report. “Climate change is a huge threat to humanity, a threat to global security and a threat to health security. We need to see it on that scale,” she said.

With a budget of $90 billion over 10 years, the report’s authors suggested, a federal climate change and health program could develop initiatives including a global climate health monitoring system; vulnerability maps and tools for creating forecasts and early warning programs; climate change adaptation plans; integrating health and scientific the climate; and ways to increase the resilience of countries at risk of infectious diseases and water insecurity.

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The transition to renewable energy is also on the agenda. Hospitals in the United States are second only to restaurants in terms of energy intensity. The Stanford report recommended decarbonizing the healthcare sector by running it on renewable energy and increasing energy efficiency, as well as making hospitals and clinics storm-proof.

The report also recommended framing climate change as a human health problem—in part because it is a health problem and in part to better engage the public and the health care community in actions that will slow the root cause.

The chart illustrates some of the expected effects of climate change on vector-borne diseases such as mosquitoes and ticks.

What To Do To Reduce Climate Change

Americans recognize that climate change is a major threat, Burke said. But the issue lacks sympathy and is often low on people’s list of concerns. Talking about the current health effects is one way to encourage public support for action. “It’s not an abstract thing anymore” — not vaguely about the health of future generations, Burke said. “It’s snowing. They are our children and grandchildren; they are growing up in a very different world.”

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At a recent climate policy meeting, Emily Wimberger, chief economist at the California Air Resources Board, said that when it comes to action, people respond most readily to direct threats to human health and safety. People who don’t necessarily want to talk about climate change, she said, will pay more attention to the issue when it comes to keeping everyone healthy. For example, when California cuts fossil fuel consumption, CARB frames the issue as both a way to slow climate change and health-focused smog reduction—one that reduces the population’s risk of asthma, heart disease, and dementia.

Experts agree that addressing the health aspects of climate change should not be up to the federal government; This can happen at the level of cities, states, local governments, businesses or institutions, as well as through regional collaborations. “It’s not game over; it’s the game,” Wimberger said.

Hospitals and health systems have some specific challenges to face, according to the Stanford report. “When a crisis, like a deadly heat wave

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