What Happens When Your Bladder Stops Working – In women who suffer from bladder pain, infection is often to blame, but it is not the only cause.
Bladder pain can signal anything from a minor infection to a serious medical condition such as cancer. Symptoms can range from lower abdominal discomfort to burning when urinating.
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The good news is that bladder cancer is rare, and bladder pain is usually not serious. But that doesn’t mean you should ignore it if you have pain or pressure in your pelvis or lower abdomen that could be coming from your bladder.
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How do you know if pain is worrisome or a sign of a benign condition? Pay attention to other symptoms you have, especially blood in your urine and bladder pain, says Dr. Nazema J. Siddiqui, associate professor at Duke University School of Medicine at Duke University School of Medicine.
Bladder pain can be caused by the following conditions. But pain in the bladder area can cause pelvic pain due to gynecological conditions. Some gastrointestinal problems can also cause pain in or around the bladder. “If women have bladder pain, they should seek evaluation,” says Dr. Siddiqui.
Urinary tract infections, sometimes called bladder infections, affect women more than men, and the reason is simple anatomy.
A woman’s urethra is closer to areas where bacteria naturally reside, such as the anus and vagina. It’s also shorter than the male urethra, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).
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Bladder pain can occur at any age. In young women, this is a common symptom of urinary tract infections, along with frequent and painful urination. Symptoms can vary among older women, but usually include muscle aches, abdominal pain, fatigue, and weakness.
It’s important to see your doctor because treatment with antibiotics such as Macrobid (nitrofurantoin) or Bactrim (trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole) can usually prevent a urinary tract infection, according to the NIDDK.
And while the infection may go away without treatment, antibiotics can speed healing and quickly relieve uncomfortable symptoms. Drinking extra fluids and urinating frequently will also help treat the infection and discomfort.
According to the NIDDK, more than three million American women live with pelvic pain related to interstitial cystitis, a condition in which the bladder wall becomes irritated and inflamed. “Interstitial cystitis is a severe form of bladder pain syndrome,” says Siddiqui.
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Bladder discomfort caused by interstitial cystitis can range from tenderness to severe pain, according to the institute. Another indication that interstitial cystitis is the culprit: Menstruation tends to make bladder pain worse.
Interstitial cystitis is not caused by a urinary tract infection, although symptoms can get worse if you have interstitial cystitis and get a UTI. Although the cause is not understood, certain events or factors seem to trigger a flare-up of symptoms, according to the NIDDK. These include stress, dietary changes, allergies and the use of certain medications.
Treatment options for interstitial cystitis include stretching the bladder, using oral medications, physical therapy, and electrical nerve stimulation to relieve pain, but there is no known cure for the pain. In severe cases, when other treatments have failed, surgery is sometimes possible.
Thinning of the vaginal skin can also cause bladder pain in women, says Dr. Carl Luber, a urogynecologist and founder of the Women’s Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery Fellowship Program at UCSD-Kaiser Permanente San Diego.
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“It’s called atrophy, and it’s usually when menopause strips the tissue surrounding the vagina of estrogen,” he explains. Oral estrogen does not help, but vaginal estrogen cream can reduce symptoms.
Dr. Luber says talking to your doctor about bladder pain and discomfort can help you pinpoint where the problem is.
Bladder cancer is rare, especially in women. According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), of the approximately 83,730 new diagnoses each year in the United States, approximately 19,450 are in women. The most common symptom is blood in the urine; some women also experience a painful, burning sensation when urinating.
Treatment for bladder cancer includes surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. According to the ACS, most people need surgery to remove the tumor or tumors. In severe cases, the entire bladder or parts of it is removed.
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It’s also important to consider whether the uterus and other organs in the gynecological system can cause bladder pain, Siddiqui says, because they’re close to the bladder. Pelvic floor dysfunction, such as pelvic muscle tightness or spasms, usually occurs with bladder pain and can make bladder pain worse, she explains. Pelvic pain can also be caused by endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, or ovarian cysts. In addition, gastrointestinal problems, such as inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis), can sometimes be the source of pelvic pain, notes the Mayo Clinic.
“When none of these conditions are present and women have persistent bladder pain, they are usually treated with ‘bladder pain syndrome,’ which refers to painful bladder conditions in which other causes have been ruled out, such as which are UTI and cancer,” says Siddiqui.
The main thing women should keep in mind: Don’t self-diagnose bladder pain. Addressing and treating the problem can bring relief to the body and mind.
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A new study found that women who took estrogen were less likely to die from COVID-19 than women with natural estrogen levels. Neurogenic bladder, also known as neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction, is when a person has no bladder control due to the brain, spinal cord. cable or nerve problems. Several muscles and nerves must work together to keep the bladder from holding urine until you are ready to empty it. Nerve messages go back and forth between the brain and the muscles that control bladder emptying. If these nerves are damaged due to disease or injury, the muscles may not be able to tense or relax at the right time. In people with a neurogenic bladder, the nerves and muscles do not work well. The bladder may not fill or empty properly.
Millions of people have a neurogenic bladder. This includes people with multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson’s disease and spina bifida. It can also include people who have had a stroke, spinal cord injury, major pelvic surgery, diabetes or other illnesses.
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The ureter, bladder and kidneys are part of the urinary system. These are the organs that create, store and excrete urine. When the urinary system is working well, the kidneys make urine and move it to the bladder. The bladder is a balloon-shaped organ that serves as a storage unit for urine. It is held in place by the pelvic muscles in the lower abdomen. When the bladder is empty, urine passes through the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the body.
If it is not full of urine, the bladder is relaxed. Nerve signals in the brain let you know that the bladder is full. Then you feel the need to urinate. When you find the bathroom and are ready to urinate, the brain tells the bladder muscles to contract (or “squeeze”). It expels urine through the urethra. Your urethra has muscles called sphincters. They help keep the urethra closed so urine doesn’t leak out before you’re ready to go to the bathroom. These sphincters open when the bladder contracts
Several muscles and nerves must work together for the bladder to hold urine until you are ready to empty it. Nerve messages go back and forth between the brain and the muscles that control bladder emptying. If these nerves are damaged due to disease or injury, the muscles may not be able to tense or relax at the right time.
In people with a neurogenic bladder, the nerves and muscles do not work very well. As a result, the bladder may not fill or empty properly. With overactive bladder (OAB), the muscles may be overactive and contract more often than usual and before the bladder is full of urine. Sometimes the sphincter muscles are not strong enough and allow urine to come out before you are ready to go to the toilet. This is called incontinence.
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In other people, the bladder muscles may be underactive. It will not compress when filled with urine and will not empty completely or at all. The sphincter muscles around the urethra may also not work properly. They can stay tight when you try to empty your bladder. Some people have both overactive and underactive bladders.
Symptoms of neurogenic bladder vary from person to person. Symptoms also depend on the type of nerve damage causing the problem. Symptoms may include:
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is often the first sign of a neurogenic bladder. People with overactive and underactive bladders may get recurrent urinary tract infections. This recurring disease is caused by harmful bacteria, viruses or yeast overgrowth
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