Is It Safe To Drink Alcohol While Breastfeeding – Breastfeeding mothers and breastfeeding parents often receive conflicting advice about whether drinking alcohol will affect their baby. Although people are often warned against drinking alcohol during pregnancy because of the prevalence of lactation, the risks of drinking alcohol while breastfeeding have received little research attention. the long-term results are unknown.
Alcohol, especially large amounts, can cause drowsiness, deep sleep, lethargy, and abnormal weight gain in infants. It is also possible that the milk ejection reflex of the mother will decrease. If the nursing mother drinks only one cup a day, no adverse effects are seen on the baby.
Is It Safe To Drink Alcohol While Breastfeeding
Depending on how much alcohol you drank before breastfeeding your baby, you may have many effects from alcohol in your breast milk. Even small to moderate amounts of alcohol can impair milk production and the milk ejection reflex. Adverse effects in children include:
Why Is Alcohol Bad For Breastfeeding Mothers?
Depending on how much you drink and how you breastfeed after drinking, there may be other, more serious side effects for your baby. At the same time, the guidelines for drinking and breastfeeding are also changing. According to the CDC, moderate alcohol consumption is defined as “up to one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men.”.
In short, LactMed®  is a database that contains information about drugs and other chemicals to which a breastfeeding person may be exposed, providing:
“The concentration of alcohol in breast milk is almost the same as the concentration of alcohol in the blood. The peak concentration of alcohol in milk occurs 30 to 60 minutes after drinking alcoholic beverages, but foods affect the peak- the concentration of alcohol in milk. Feeding after 1-2 Beverages (including beer) can reduce an infant’s milk intake by 20-23%, causing restlessness and poor sleep patterns in infant. Breastfeeding or pumping for an hour before drinking alcohol may reduce the amount of alcohol in subsequent breast milk.”
Infants exposed to large amounts of alcohol (0.3 g/kg parental body weight) through breastfeeding spent less time in active and sound sleep. REM sleep is also disrupted. Because infants are less able to process alcohol than adults due to their immature systems, some researchers believe that their intake from breast milk/nurturing parents may be more stronger than adults. In a study done by Mennella and Garcia-Gomez, the effects were stronger when the babies were exposed for 3.5 hours to their mother/nursing parent who drank a lot of alcohol. Within 24 hours , sleep patterns continue to be disrupted as infants compensate for previous disruptions. In addition, this study showed that infants are less active while awake .
Can You Drink While Breastfeeding? Jessie James Debate
Here are some common questions people ask, along with recommendations supported by available evidence. Below, we answer these questions and take a closer look at the effects of drinking alcohol while breastfeeding. Finally, here are some tips to increase your safety if you want to drink alcohol while breastfeeding/nursing/breastfeeding (see How should I drink occasionally while feeding my baby?). reference). Pumping and throwing does not remove alcohol from the bloodstream, so it does not affect the concentration of alcohol in breast milk.
A long-standing “old woman’s story” about drinking alcohol, especially beer, while breastfeeding is because it helps increase breast milk production. , but only alcohol promotes it . In addition, in a study of alcohol consumption in lactating women, Menella et al also found that alcohol suppresses the milk ejection reflex and decreases breast milk intake in infants. .
This study showed that breastfed infants actually consumed less milk within 3 to 4 hours after their mothers consumed low to moderate amounts of alcohol . , 8, 9]. When a mother/parent who is breastfeeding drinks alcohol and breastfeeds her baby, she does not realize that her baby does not get as much milk as she thinks is normal breastfeeding and at a normal time . “Babies consume about 20% less breast milk,” said Menela, who conducted the study over the years. This shows that “similar times during the first four hours after exposure to alcohol in breast milk” (pp. 591-592) infants are breastfed compared to infants not exposed to alcohol in breast milk. . Similarly, a further study conducted by Menella and Beauchamp showed that infants consumed about 23% less milk . Menella also found that pumping two hours after drinking alcohol significantly reduced breast milk supply .
Current evidence suggests that instead of producing more breast milk for your baby by drinking alcohol, the effects of alcohol on your body actually mean that your baby produces less of your precious breast milk. .Why is this?
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Mennella, Pepino, and Teff  found that alcohol significantly decreases oxytocin levels and also increases prolactin levels. Both hormones affect the milk ejection reflex. The lower the level of oxytocin, the slower the milk release. The higher the prolactin level, the longer the delay. The combined effect of alcohol on both hormones significantly delays the flow of milk.
Depending on how much alcohol the mother/nursing parent drank and if the baby was breastfed after drinking alcohol, various researchers found that the most common negative consequences for babies are: [8, 9, 11, 13, 14] 15, 16]:
The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine states in Clinical Protocol #21 that drinking alcohol while breastfeeding has a variety of adverse effects ranging from mild to severe. It depends on the amount of alcohol consumed by the mother/nursing parent and other factors related to how fast the body processes alcohol .
Alcohol is completely soluble in water and fat, so it easily enters the bloodstream and breast milk . The amount of alcohol in breast milk after drinking a standard drink is approximately 95% of the amount of alcohol in the blood of the mother/nursing parent.
Is Drinking While Breastfeeding Safe?
Another review done by Nonacs  showed a reduction or delay in motor development in infants who were constantly exposed to alcohol in breast milk. The more alcohol an infant consumes through breast milk, the lower the signs of motor development in the child. Babies can’t metabolize alcohol like adults. Newborns can only metabolize alcohol 25% to 50% of the rate of adults .
Concerns about adverse effects on brain development in infants are based on animal studies. Oei  states that “strong animal data” show that “alcohol can be toxic to the developing brain, especially during periods of rapid brain development, such as the first years of life.” It has been pointed out that memory problems and inhibitory reactions can also occur as a result of alcohol consumption in infants.
Although research is ongoing, Haastrup, Pottegård, and Damkier state that “the possible long-term effects of alcohol on breast milk are unknown” (p. 171).
Depending on the amount you drink, in addition to the effects on the secretion of breast milk and the ejection reflex, you can expect some side effects yourself.
Is It Safe To Drink Alcohol During Breastfeeding?
Alcohol not only has a sedative effect, but also a stimulating effect. There is some evidence to suggest that people who are currently breastfeeding may metabolize alcohol more quickly than those who are not breastfeeding. There is clear evidence that alcohol levels are also decreasing. body . If you drink alcohol, don’t sleep with your child because it can damage your natural reflexes.
Alcohol can further reduce milk production by blocking the milk evacuation reflex. Without this reflex, babies cannot effectively feed or empty their breasts. If milk stays in your breasts, it tells your body to produce less.
How a “standard drink” is measured varies from country to country. If you choose to breastfeed while drinking alcohol, it’s important to understand what a “standard drink” is.
Please check with your Ministry of Health or other relevant government agency for the appropriate information for your country.
Free Breastfeeding And Alcohol Calculator
In the United States, a “standard” drink (or the equivalent of an alcoholic drink) contains about 14 grams of pure alcohol.
“Alcohol easily enters breast milk, with an average value of plasma/breast milk of about 1. This does not mean that the concentration of alcohol in breast milk is high, because the plasma level is higher than the concentration of alcohol. in mother’s milk. The absolute amount (dose) of alcohol that passes into breast milk is usually low and a function of the mother’s level. Previous studies have suggested that beer (or tall barley) may stimulate prolactin levels. Although large amounts of alcohol are secreted in breast milk,
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